The Israeli Air Force practiced maneuvers against the S-300 surface-to-air missile system, soon to be received by Iran, in a bilateral training exercise carried out against the two Greek S-300 batteries stationed on the island of Crete.
The mission took place from April 20-30, when the Israelis joined the Hellenic Air Force's INIOHOS-2015 exercise, one of its largest annual drills, in which at least 150 combat planes from all HAF squadrons took part.
According to reports, Israel deployed a force of ten F-161 jet fighters from four squadrons, and its aircraft were joined by US Air Force in Europe personnel acting as Joint Terminal Attack Controllers.
Israel has acquired technical data about the S-300 system, which is capable of hitting aerial targets at a distance of 150 kilometers, and an altitude of up to 27,000 meters.
The maneuvers were aimed at testing out different tactics against the S-300, in simulated attacks against ground targets protected by S-300 batteries.
Greece acquired the S-300 system from Russia in the late 1990s and is the only member of NATO which has the system in service.
Last month Greek Defense Minister Panos Kammenos, on a visit to Moscow for a conference on global security, said that Greece was in negotiations with the Russian government over the purchase of new missiles for its S-300 system, and maintenance for its S-300, Top M-1 and Kornet missiles.
In 2007 Russia and Iran signed a contract to supply five batteries of the S-300 system, but in 2010 the Russian government imposed the ban on its export, in connection with UN sanctions imposed against Iran regarding its nuclear program.
On April 13 the Russian government lifted the ban on the sale of the S-300 system following the successful conclusion of negotiations in Geneva between Iran and the P5-1 group of countries to lift the sanctions against Iran.